With its ratification by the European Union, the agreement received enough contracting parties to enter into force on 4 November 2016. India made the world news today, October 2 – Gandhi`s Brittag, a special day for India – by submitting its ratification of the Paris Climate Agreement to the United Nations. With India`s formal accession to the agreement, it not only accepts its obligations under the agreement, but also takes another step towards the entry into force of the agreement. India`s ratification signals a new, more active role in international climate policy, building on progress made at the national level. The coming years will be crucial to confirm India`s development path in a greener and more sustainable direction. Partnerships with countries like Germany will be key to enabling this transformation. One of the main objectives of the agreement is to limit the increase in global average temperature to less than 2 degrees Celsius and to pursue a stricter limit of 1.5 degrees Celsius compared to pre-industrial temperature levels. India is responsible for about 4.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions and has become the 62nd country to ratify the agreement. With 171 nations, the climate agreement signing ceremony was the record for the most countries to sign an international agreement in one day, which had already been established in 1982, when 119 countries signed the Convention on the Law of the Sea. The Indian government had announced its intention to sign the agreement on April 22 through a statement from the Ministry of Agriculture on April 20. According to the statement, the decision to sign the agreement by the Union`s Environment Minister, Prakash Javadekar, was taken on September 22.
It was approved in New York by the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. “India is committed to a strong and sustainable climate agreement based on the principles and provisions of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and the agreement addresses all of India`s key concerns and expectations,” the statement said. The agreement was signed by 171 countries, including the United States, beating the previous record of 119 signatures set when the Law of the Sea was signed on opening day in Montego Bay in 1994. These signatures are the first step towards the entry into force of the Paris Agreement. It should be noted that the signing of the agreement is an intention of ratification and not the ratification itself. The agreement comes into force 30 days after at least 55 countries, which account for 55% of global greenhouse gas emissions, submitted their instruments of ratification to the UN Secretary-General. About 15 countries are expected to present their own instruments of ratification on April 22, raising hopes that the pact will enter into force well before the 2020 deadline agreed at the Paris talks. Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar signed the agreement in the UN General Assembly Hall at a high-level ceremony hosted by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
The ceremony took place in the presence of heads of government, ministers, business leaders and artists. Other stakeholders see the Paris Agreement as positive for India, given the benefits of reducing the impact of climate change, the side effects of cooperative climate action on economic growth and geopolitical strength. Moreover, in the current scenario, it is very likely that the Paris Agreement will enter into force this year, even without India signing it. If only a few other countries, such as France and Germany, follow India and submit their ratification, the Paris Agreement will enter into force less than a year after its adoption. In this case, India would benefit from being part of the first round of negotiations under the Paris Agreement, which could possibly take place at COP22 in Marrakech in November 2016. .