What Is Meant by Upholding the Law Class 8

Q1. You read that one of the main tasks of the judiciary is to “uphold the law and fundamental rights”. Why do you think an independent judiciary is needed to perform this important function? Q6: Read excerpts from the verdict in Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation. Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the right to a life was part of the right to life. Answer: In Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation, the judges stated that the right to subsistence is part of the right to life. They explained that life does not only involve animal existence; It cannot be lived without a means of life, that is, “the means of subsistence”. The judges recognized that eviction from a sidewalk or slum is a deprivation of livelihood for the poor who cannot afford to live elsewhere. They take small jobs in the surrounding areas, and the loss of their sidewalk or slum would result in the loss of a job, resulting in the loss of a livelihood.

Therefore, it leads to a “deprivation of life”. Thus, the judges combined the right to subsistence with the right to life. Q3. In the following figure, fill in each level with the judgments of the different courts in the Sudha Goel case. Review your answers with others in class. The legal system deals with civil and criminal law cases. The death of the dowry is considered a “crime against society” and is a violation of criminal law. Some differences between criminal and civil law are listed below – F6. Read excerpts from the verdict in Olga Tellis v. Bombay Municipal Corporation.

Now write in your own words what the judges meant when they said that the right to a life was part of the right to life. Q4. Write two sentences of what you understand about the vocation system of Sudha Goel`s case. Question 4. What is meant by “acquittal”? Answer: This is the court declaring that a person is not guilty of the crime for which he or she was convicted by the court. A court must make decisions on a number of cases. It can decide different things about how water from a river is shared between two states, what punishment should be given to a corrupt politician, or whether or not corporal punishment should be banned in educational institutions. For example, in Class VII, you looked at the worker who was injured.

As several hospitals refused to admit him, his condition had deteriorated. He filed his case with the Supreme Court. The judges ruled that Article 21 grants everyone the “right to life,” which is a fundamental right. It is also about the “right to health”. In addition, he ordered the West Bengal government to pay the amount of compensation to the worker. She also called on the government to develop a plan for a primary health care system where patients could be treated directly in an emergency. [Paschim Banga Khet Mazdoor Samity v. State of West Bengal (1996)] Q1: You have read that one of the main functions of the judiciary is to “uphold the law and fundamental rights”. Why do you think an independent judiciary is needed to perform this important function? Answer: It is necessary to have an independent judiciary in order to fulfill the fundamental function of “upholding the law and enforcing fundamental rights”, as the judiciary plays a crucial role in the functioning of Indian democracy. It can only function as such if it is independent of legislative and executive pressures. This ensures two important things: first, the separation of powers between the judiciary, the legislature and the executive can be maintained smoothly; secondly, any citizen can go to court in the event of a violation of his or her fundamental rights, without fear that disputes will be settled in favour of those in power. There are three different levels of dishes in our country: 1.

The courts with which most people interact are so-called subordinate or district courts, which are usually located at the district or Tehsil level or in cities and hear many types of cases. 2. Each state is divided into several districts headed by a district judge. Each state has a Supreme Court, which is the highest court in that state.3. At the top is the Supreme Court, located in New Delhi and headed by the Chief Justice of India. The decisions of the Supreme Court are binding on all courts in India. Question 16. What is compensation? Answer: This is money given to compensate for an injury or loss. Answer. As the judiciary is independent, it can play a central role in enforcing the law and implementing fundamental rights. The Court shall ensure that the executive and the judiciary do not abuse their powers. .

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